ADVANZ - Neglected zoonotc disease control through a One Health approach

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As quoted in the Lancet in December 2012, endemic and enzootic zoonoses cause about a billion cases of illness and millions of death in people every year. Of these zoonoses, the diseases such as anthrax, bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis, cysticercosis, echinococcosis (hydatid disease) and rabies are considered ”neglected” because they are not adequately addressed nationally and internationally. The World Health Organization use the term Neglected Zoonotic Diseases (NZDs), grouping eight of the endemic zoonoses. While the etiology of these diseases may be varied, the interventions to prevent and control them especially at community level are very similar. Furthermore many of the endemic zoonoses are closely linked to poverty and the lack of basic infrastructure such as related to water and sanitation. Interventions that include engaging communities, creating public awareness and enhancing basic conditions such as hygiene and biosecurity can have an important effect on reducing the risks of transmission.
In addition some of the endemic zoonotic diseases can be controlled by interventions such as mass vaccination (e.g rabies), treatment (echinococcosis) and/or creating a simple but effective change of the day-to-day practice (most). The need for political will and resources are further requirements to control endemic zoonotic diseases. Neglected zoonotic diseases are definitely not negligible as can be witnessed by their considerable impact on the lives and livelihoods especially for poor and marginalized populations. Although the One Health approach initially concentrated on addressing emerging zoonotic diseases and especially pandemic threats, the One Health approach is gaining recognition for addressing endemic/neglected zoonotic diseases as they arise from infections transmitted from domesticated (livestock or companion) or wild animals to people.

ADVANZ is One Health NZD project, funded by the European Commission through its 7th framework program. The session will describe and discuss the initiative, which main aim is to persuade decision makers and empower stakeholders at local, regional, and international levels towards a coordinated fight against NZD. We will invite participants to join in and share their experience with cross-sectoral One Health approaches to fight NZDs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdatoapr. 2013
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2013

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