Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs

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Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs. / Nielsen, Gitte Blach; Nielsen, Jens Peter; Haugegaard, John; Leth, Sanne Christiansen; Larsen, Lars E.; Kristensen, Charlotte Sonne; Pedersen, Ken Steen; Stege, Helle; Hjulsager, Charlotte K.; Houe, Hans.

I: Porcine Health Management, Bind 4, 2, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, GB, Nielsen, JP, Haugegaard, J, Leth, SC, Larsen, LE, Kristensen, CS, Pedersen, KS, Stege, H, Hjulsager, CK & Houe, H 2018, 'Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs', Porcine Health Management, bind 4, 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4

APA

Nielsen, G. B., Nielsen, J. P., Haugegaard, J., Leth, S. C., Larsen, L. E., Kristensen, C. S., ... Houe, H. (2018). Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs. Porcine Health Management, 4, [2]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4

Vancouver

Nielsen GB, Nielsen JP, Haugegaard J, Leth SC, Larsen LE, Kristensen CS o.a. Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs. Porcine Health Management. 2018;4. 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4

Author

Nielsen, Gitte Blach ; Nielsen, Jens Peter ; Haugegaard, John ; Leth, Sanne Christiansen ; Larsen, Lars E. ; Kristensen, Charlotte Sonne ; Pedersen, Ken Steen ; Stege, Helle ; Hjulsager, Charlotte K. ; Houe, Hans. / Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs. I: Porcine Health Management. 2018 ; Bind 4.

Bibtex

@article{3a7f427253c246e381ba3c4ca3f4cf44,
title = "Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs",
abstract = "Background Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) diagnostics in live pigs often involves pooled serum and/or oral fluid samples for group-level determination of viral load by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The purpose of the study was to compare the PCV2 viral load determined by qPCR of paired samples at the pen level of pools of sera (SP) from 4 to 5 pigs and the collective oral fluid (OF) from around 30 pigs corresponding to one rope put in the same pen. Pigs in pens of 2 finishing herds were sampled by cross-sectional (Herd 1) and cross-sectional with follow-up (Herd 2) study designs. In Herd 1, 50 sample pairs consisting of SP from 4 to 5 pigs and OF from around 23 pigs were collected. In Herd 2, 65 sample pairs consisting of 4 (SP) and around 30 (OF) pigs were collected 4 times at 3-week intervals. Results A higher proportion of PCV2-positive pens (86{\%} vs. 80{\%} and 100{\%} vs. 91{\%}) and higher viral loads (mean difference: 2.10 and 1.83 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) were found in OF versus SP in both herds. The OF cut-off value corresponding to a positive SP (>3 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) was estimated to 6.5 and 7.36 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml for Herds 1 and 2, respectively. Significant correlations between SP and OF results were found in Herd 1 (rho = 0.69) and the first sampling in Herd 2 (rho = 0.39), but not for the subsequent consecutive 3 samplings in Herd 2. Conclusions The proportion and viral loads of PCV2 positive pens were higher in collective OF (including up to 30 pigs) compared to SP (including 4–5 pigs) of the same pens. Also, OF seemed to detect the PCV2 infection earlier with OF values just below 6.5 (Herd 1) and 7.36 (Herd 2) log(10) being associated with a negative SP for the same pen. Nevertheless, a statistically significant correlation between SP and OF could not be found for all sampling time points, probably due to a high within-pen variation in individual pig viral load becoming very evident in SP of only four or five pigs. Consequently, the results imply that OF is well suited for detecting presence of PCV2 but less so for determining the specific viral load of pigs in a pen.",
keywords = "Diagnostics, Finishers, Oral fluid, Pooling, Porcine circovirus type 2, Serum",
author = "Nielsen, {Gitte Blach} and Nielsen, {Jens Peter} and John Haugegaard and Leth, {Sanne Christiansen} and Larsen, {Lars E.} and Kristensen, {Charlotte Sonne} and Pedersen, {Ken Steen} and Helle Stege and Hjulsager, {Charlotte K.} and Hans Houe",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Porcine Health Management",
issn = "2055-5660",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of serum pools and oral fluid samples for detection of porcine circovirus type 2 by quantitative real-time PCR in finisher pigs

AU - Nielsen, Gitte Blach

AU - Nielsen, Jens Peter

AU - Haugegaard, John

AU - Leth, Sanne Christiansen

AU - Larsen, Lars E.

AU - Kristensen, Charlotte Sonne

AU - Pedersen, Ken Steen

AU - Stege, Helle

AU - Hjulsager, Charlotte K.

AU - Houe, Hans

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) diagnostics in live pigs often involves pooled serum and/or oral fluid samples for group-level determination of viral load by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The purpose of the study was to compare the PCV2 viral load determined by qPCR of paired samples at the pen level of pools of sera (SP) from 4 to 5 pigs and the collective oral fluid (OF) from around 30 pigs corresponding to one rope put in the same pen. Pigs in pens of 2 finishing herds were sampled by cross-sectional (Herd 1) and cross-sectional with follow-up (Herd 2) study designs. In Herd 1, 50 sample pairs consisting of SP from 4 to 5 pigs and OF from around 23 pigs were collected. In Herd 2, 65 sample pairs consisting of 4 (SP) and around 30 (OF) pigs were collected 4 times at 3-week intervals. Results A higher proportion of PCV2-positive pens (86% vs. 80% and 100% vs. 91%) and higher viral loads (mean difference: 2.10 and 1.83 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) were found in OF versus SP in both herds. The OF cut-off value corresponding to a positive SP (>3 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) was estimated to 6.5 and 7.36 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml for Herds 1 and 2, respectively. Significant correlations between SP and OF results were found in Herd 1 (rho = 0.69) and the first sampling in Herd 2 (rho = 0.39), but not for the subsequent consecutive 3 samplings in Herd 2. Conclusions The proportion and viral loads of PCV2 positive pens were higher in collective OF (including up to 30 pigs) compared to SP (including 4–5 pigs) of the same pens. Also, OF seemed to detect the PCV2 infection earlier with OF values just below 6.5 (Herd 1) and 7.36 (Herd 2) log(10) being associated with a negative SP for the same pen. Nevertheless, a statistically significant correlation between SP and OF could not be found for all sampling time points, probably due to a high within-pen variation in individual pig viral load becoming very evident in SP of only four or five pigs. Consequently, the results imply that OF is well suited for detecting presence of PCV2 but less so for determining the specific viral load of pigs in a pen.

AB - Background Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) diagnostics in live pigs often involves pooled serum and/or oral fluid samples for group-level determination of viral load by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The purpose of the study was to compare the PCV2 viral load determined by qPCR of paired samples at the pen level of pools of sera (SP) from 4 to 5 pigs and the collective oral fluid (OF) from around 30 pigs corresponding to one rope put in the same pen. Pigs in pens of 2 finishing herds were sampled by cross-sectional (Herd 1) and cross-sectional with follow-up (Herd 2) study designs. In Herd 1, 50 sample pairs consisting of SP from 4 to 5 pigs and OF from around 23 pigs were collected. In Herd 2, 65 sample pairs consisting of 4 (SP) and around 30 (OF) pigs were collected 4 times at 3-week intervals. Results A higher proportion of PCV2-positive pens (86% vs. 80% and 100% vs. 91%) and higher viral loads (mean difference: 2.10 and 1.83 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) were found in OF versus SP in both herds. The OF cut-off value corresponding to a positive SP (>3 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml) was estimated to 6.5 and 7.36 log(10) PCV2 copies per ml for Herds 1 and 2, respectively. Significant correlations between SP and OF results were found in Herd 1 (rho = 0.69) and the first sampling in Herd 2 (rho = 0.39), but not for the subsequent consecutive 3 samplings in Herd 2. Conclusions The proportion and viral loads of PCV2 positive pens were higher in collective OF (including up to 30 pigs) compared to SP (including 4–5 pigs) of the same pens. Also, OF seemed to detect the PCV2 infection earlier with OF values just below 6.5 (Herd 1) and 7.36 (Herd 2) log(10) being associated with a negative SP for the same pen. Nevertheless, a statistically significant correlation between SP and OF could not be found for all sampling time points, probably due to a high within-pen variation in individual pig viral load becoming very evident in SP of only four or five pigs. Consequently, the results imply that OF is well suited for detecting presence of PCV2 but less so for determining the specific viral load of pigs in a pen.

KW - Diagnostics

KW - Finishers

KW - Oral fluid

KW - Pooling

KW - Porcine circovirus type 2

KW - Serum

U2 - 10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4

DO - 10.1186/s40813-018-0079-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29435356

VL - 4

JO - Porcine Health Management

JF - Porcine Health Management

SN - 2055-5660

M1 - 2

ER -

ID: 202339503