Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model

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Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model. / Kyvsgaard, Niels Chr.; Johansen, Maria Vang; Carabin, Hélène.

I: International Journal for Parasitology, Bind 37, Nr. 5, 2007, s. 547-558.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kyvsgaard, NC, Johansen, MV & Carabin, H 2007, 'Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model', International Journal for Parasitology, bind 37, nr. 5, s. 547-558. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018

APA

Kyvsgaard, N. C., Johansen, M. V., & Carabin, H. (2007). Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model. International Journal for Parasitology, 37(5), 547-558. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018

Vancouver

Kyvsgaard NC, Johansen MV, Carabin H. Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model. International Journal for Parasitology. 2007;37(5):547-558. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018

Author

Kyvsgaard, Niels Chr. ; Johansen, Maria Vang ; Carabin, Hélène. / Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model. I: International Journal for Parasitology. 2007 ; Bind 37, Nr. 5. s. 547-558.

Bibtex

@article{5cb9c9f0a1c211ddb6ae000ea68e967b,
title = "Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model",
abstract = "The transmission dynamics of the human-pig zoonotic cestode Taenia solium are explored with both deterministic and stochastic versions of a modified Reed-Frost model. This model, originally developed for microparasitic infections (i.e. bacteria, viruses and protozoa), assumes that random contacts occur between hosts and that hosts can be either susceptible, infected or ‘recovered and presumed immune'. Transmission between humans and pigs is modelled as susceptible roaming pigs scavenging on human faeces infected with T. solium eggs. Transmission from pigs to humans is modelled as susceptible humans eating under-cooked pork meat harbouring T. solium metacestodes. Deterministic models of each scenario were first run, followed by stochastic versions of the models to assess the likelihood of infection elimination in the small population modelled. The effects of three groups of interventions were investigated using the model: (i) interventions affecting the transmission parameters such as use of latrines, meat inspection, and cooking habits; (ii) routine interventions including rapid detection and treatment of human carriers or pig vaccination; and (iii) treatment interventions of either humans or pigs. It is concluded that mass-treatment can result in a short term dramatic reduction in prevalence, whereas interventions targeting interruption of the life cycle lead to long-term reduction in prevalence.",
keywords = "Former LIFE faculty, Taenia solium, svin, zoonoser, matematisk modellering, Taenia solium, pig, zoonosis, matematical modelling",
author = "Kyvsgaard, {Niels Chr.} and Johansen, {Maria Vang} and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Carabin",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "547--558",
journal = "International Journal for Parasitology",
issn = "0020-7519",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Simulating transmission and control of Taenia solium infections using a reed-frost stochastic model

AU - Kyvsgaard, Niels Chr.

AU - Johansen, Maria Vang

AU - Carabin, Hélène

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - The transmission dynamics of the human-pig zoonotic cestode Taenia solium are explored with both deterministic and stochastic versions of a modified Reed-Frost model. This model, originally developed for microparasitic infections (i.e. bacteria, viruses and protozoa), assumes that random contacts occur between hosts and that hosts can be either susceptible, infected or ‘recovered and presumed immune'. Transmission between humans and pigs is modelled as susceptible roaming pigs scavenging on human faeces infected with T. solium eggs. Transmission from pigs to humans is modelled as susceptible humans eating under-cooked pork meat harbouring T. solium metacestodes. Deterministic models of each scenario were first run, followed by stochastic versions of the models to assess the likelihood of infection elimination in the small population modelled. The effects of three groups of interventions were investigated using the model: (i) interventions affecting the transmission parameters such as use of latrines, meat inspection, and cooking habits; (ii) routine interventions including rapid detection and treatment of human carriers or pig vaccination; and (iii) treatment interventions of either humans or pigs. It is concluded that mass-treatment can result in a short term dramatic reduction in prevalence, whereas interventions targeting interruption of the life cycle lead to long-term reduction in prevalence.

AB - The transmission dynamics of the human-pig zoonotic cestode Taenia solium are explored with both deterministic and stochastic versions of a modified Reed-Frost model. This model, originally developed for microparasitic infections (i.e. bacteria, viruses and protozoa), assumes that random contacts occur between hosts and that hosts can be either susceptible, infected or ‘recovered and presumed immune'. Transmission between humans and pigs is modelled as susceptible roaming pigs scavenging on human faeces infected with T. solium eggs. Transmission from pigs to humans is modelled as susceptible humans eating under-cooked pork meat harbouring T. solium metacestodes. Deterministic models of each scenario were first run, followed by stochastic versions of the models to assess the likelihood of infection elimination in the small population modelled. The effects of three groups of interventions were investigated using the model: (i) interventions affecting the transmission parameters such as use of latrines, meat inspection, and cooking habits; (ii) routine interventions including rapid detection and treatment of human carriers or pig vaccination; and (iii) treatment interventions of either humans or pigs. It is concluded that mass-treatment can result in a short term dramatic reduction in prevalence, whereas interventions targeting interruption of the life cycle lead to long-term reduction in prevalence.

KW - Former LIFE faculty

KW - Taenia solium

KW - svin

KW - zoonoser

KW - matematisk modellering

KW - Taenia solium

KW - pig

KW - zoonosis

KW - matematical modelling

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpara.2006.11.018

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 17250839

VL - 37

SP - 547

EP - 558

JO - International Journal for Parasitology

JF - International Journal for Parasitology

SN - 0020-7519

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 8069239